Delano Dunn

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DELANO DUNN

Exhibition Artist

 
 

About the Artist

 
 

Delano Dunn was born in Los Angeles, California, and currently lives and works in New York City. Through painting, mixed media, and collage, Dunn explores questions of racial identity and perception through various contexts, ranging from the personal to the political, and drawing from his experience growing up in South Central L.A. He lives in New York with his wife and two children. 

 
 
 
 

 

Interview 1

with Lucy Commoner, April 2019
 

You were a family resident at the Wassaic Project in 2018 and will have a second residency here this summer. How did your experience in the residency influence your work and what do you hope to accomplish this summer when you return?

First and foremost the residency was amazing. The staff and the support they provide for artists with and without families are seldom seen. So my wife Anna and I are really thankful for the opportunity.

The biggest influence on my work was the lack of pressure, being free from the pressures to produce. As a New York-based artist it can feel like you must always be in a constant state of hustle. And if you are not, your insecurities can make you feel like you are falling behind. It’s all nonsense, but for me it can feel that way at times. In a way, at the residency you are off the grid. And after you get over that there is a clarity and you can focus better. That was my experience and that clarity impacted my way of thinking and how I approached my work.


Your large body of dynamic work incorporates mixed media, typography, painting, and images and photographs from historical archives, which you use to explore racial identity and the African American experience, both from a personal and political viewpoint. How did you arrive at your use of collage as a technique for articulating these ideas?

I had mostly been working in acrylics. The work was personal but I felt I wanted to push in a new direction but I didn’t have the language yet to pursue it. A dear friend, Michael Chandler, was showing new works at Valentine gallery when it was still in Ridgewood, Queens. He was making, and still does make, abstract collages. They are small scale, but they have a presence that really rolls like thunder in a space. I left that show thinking, “That’s it. I should try collage.” So I did. As I explored the medium it opened me up to take on historical topics. It filled a gap I felt my work was missing. So I kept pushing the medium. First it was just pictures. Then it was materials that brought their own historical narrative with the work. When I feel bored with the expected use of materials I then try and push them in a direction they have no business heading. I consider my work to be collage as opposed to mixed media. It’s a more truthful reading of the work. So that’s how it went and still goes for me.

Many of your pieces explore racial identity, social injustice, and the history of blacks and women in America. What role does historical research play in the development of your imagery and practice?

I love history. I love research. As I mentioned before, using materials that have their own historical narrative adds a level of depth to the work that can’t be achieved by simply reproducing it with paint or graphite, etc. So the research comes — readings and what not. During that process something clicks and starts to lay out a path forward. As the research progresses I start to think about materials and what will best convey an atmosphere in the work. To be clear, there is no expectation that all the history and research in materials will be fully communicated with audiences. But it’s there, selfishly for me and as a nice surprise for those who engage with the work a little deeper. So the work lends itself to multiple views, on a visual level as well as on a conceptual.

In this exhibition, your two works, Dothard  v. Rawlinson and Turner v. Dept. of Employment Security are part of a larger body of work, Jane Crow. Jane Crow laws discriminated against women in the same way that Jim Crow laws discriminated against blacks. In this body of work you examine court cases from the 1970’s and 80’s that challenged existing discriminatory laws and advanced women’s rights in this country. Can you elaborate on the history behind the titles, the materials and colors you used, and the text embedded in these intense multi-layer, resin-coated works?

The titles of the works are the case names argued before the Supreme Court. It gives viewers the opportunity, if they should chose to do so, to find out about the specifics of each case. I think it’s an added bonus to the works beyond the visual. The text on each work is pulled from the briefs and represents an important aspect of the case. For example, Turner v. Dept. of Employment Security: the Utah unemployment compensation system grants benefits to persons who are unemployed and are available for employment. One provision of the statute made a woman ineligible to receive benefits "during any week of unemployment when it is found by the commission that her total or partial unemployment is due to pregnancy." The ineligibility provision had a conclusive presumption that women are "unable to work" during the 18-week period because of pregnancy and childbirth. Which of course disenfranchised women and violates the Fourteenth Amendment. So that’s where the number “18” comes from.

The colors and material choices in the works speak to Los Angeles in 1984, the year the Olympics came to town. For the overarching project, 1984 Los Angeles was key. For me it was a very important time. A lot of murals went up around town and I’ve never forgotten their colors as well as the feel of the city that year. It’s always been a very important time for me, artistically. It seemed like the right time to explore that with this project.

 
 

When I feel bored with the expected use of materials I then try and push them in a direction they have no business heading.
— Delano Dunn
 
 
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Interview 2

with Lucy Commoner, May 2018
 

You were recently a family resident at the Wassaic Project. How did this experience influence your work?

First and foremost, the residency was amazing. The staff and the support they provide for artists with and without families is seldom seen. So my wife Anna and I are really thankful for the opportunity.

The biggest influence on my work was the lack of pressure, being free from the pressures to produce. As a New York-based artist it can feel like you must always be in a constant state of hustle. And if you are not, your insecurities can make you feel like you are falling behind. It’s all nonsense, but for me it can feel that way at times. In a way, at the residency you are off the grid. And after you get over that there is a clarity and you can focus better. That was my experience and that clarity impacted my way of thinking and how I approached my work.


Your large body of dynamic work incorporates mixed media, typography, painting, and images and photographs from historical archives, which you use to explore racial identity and the African American experience, both from a personal and political viewpoint. How did you arrive at your use of collage as a technique for articulating these ideas?

I had mostly been working in acrylics. The work was personal but I felt I wanted to push in a new direction but I didn’t have the language yet to pursue it. A dear friend, Michael Chandler, was showing new works at Valentine gallery when it was still in Ridgewood, Queens. He was making — and still does make — abstract collages. They are small scale, but they have a presence that really rolls like thunder in a space. I left that show thinking, "That’s it. I should try collage.” So I did. As I explored the medium it opened me up to take on historical topics. It filled a gap I felt my work was missing. So I kept pushing the medium. First it was just pictures. Then it was materials that brought their own historical narrative with the work. When I feel bored with the expected use of materials I then try and push them in a direction they have no business heading. I consider my work to be collage as opposed to mixed media. It’s a more truthful reading of the work. So that’s how it went and still goes for me.


What role does historical research and archival materials (such as the pre-1960’s wallpaper in these three works) play in the development of your imagery and practice?

I love history. I love research. As I mentioned before, using materials that have their own historical narrative adds a level of depth to the work that can’t be achieved by simply reproducing it with paint or graphite, etc. So the research comes through readings and what not. During that process something clicks and starts to lay out a path forward. As the research progresses I start to think about materials and what will best convey an atmosphere in the work. To be clear, there is no expectation that all the history and research in materials will be fully communicated with audiences. But it’s there, selfishly for me and as a nice surprise for those who engage with the work a little deeper. So the work lends itself to multiple views, on a visual level as well as on a conceptual.


In this exhibition, your three works, The People vs. are part of a larger body of work, In Our Time, which you created to examine the parallels between the contemporaneous 1960’s Civil Rights Movement and the Space Race. As you have noted, there were certainly no black astronauts in the 1960’s. Can you elaborate on the meaning of the titles, materials, and typeface in these works?

In Our Time is a very expansive project. The long and the short is an acknowledgement of my own dismissiveness of the importance of the civil rights movement versus the space race and my attempt to reconcile in myself this failure. As I started to find the parallels between the two movements and their intersection I found myself looking at Supreme Court cases challenging discriminatory laws and what else was going on in the country during that time. I found examples of African Americans fighting for an American dream that did not include them, such as events like The World's Fair, which showed the world of tomorrow where blacks are excluded and women remain second-class citizens.

In the case of one piece, Hamilton vs. Alabama, I examined a case in which Mary Hamilton, along with hundreds of other civil rights protesters, were arrested in Gadsden, Alabama. She was held in contempt of court for refusing to answer questions until she was addressed with the same courtesy accorded to white witnesses. She was addressed by her first name while whites were addressed by their last name such as Mr. or Mrs. Jones. It was challenged in the Supreme Court, which she won. The text in the work Miss represents the court cases. The type was pulled from The Jetsons, an animated series that premiered in 1964, depicting a utopian future, removed of people of color and women in a state of servitude.

 
 

There is no expectation that all the history and research in materials will be fully communicated with audiences. But it’s there, selfishly for me and as a nice surprise for those who engage with the work a little deeper.
— Delano Dunn
 
 
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2018 installation photos by Walker Esner
2019 installation photo by Jeff Barnett-Winsby
Family residency photos by Anna Ogier-Bloom